Generally, open heart surgery can repair or replace a damaged heart valve. Percutaneous valve replacement is a less-invasive approach designed for people who are high risk and may not be able to tolerate open-heart surgery for multiple reasons.
During this procedure, the physician will secure a catheter in your groin and direct it into the chambers of your heart. A new valve is inserted through a tube, entering the arterial system in the groin, and is threaded through the aorta into heart and secured.
There are multiple FDA approved valves available on the market as well as several undergoing trials in research with the MedStar Heart & Vascular Institute.