Angina is a specific type of chest discomfort caused by inadequate blood flow through the blood vessels of the heart muscle. The discomfort or pain is felt differently in different people. The classic symptom is crushing pain in the middle of the chest, but the pain can be felt in the arm, jaw, neck, abdomen or between the shoulder blades. Even the signs of indigestion may signal issues with the heart. This pain is relieved by rest or medication within a short period of time (usually 15 minutes). Chest pain of a longer duration or pain appearing with a lower level of effort than before, even at rest, should be considered unstable angina. Angina is a warning sign. You need to see your doctor at the first sign of these types of symptoms. 

Diagnostic Tools


Aspirin, Beta-blockers, Calcium Channel Blockers, Enhanced External Counterpulsation (EECP), Nitroglycerin, Oral nitrates, and other medications to control high cholesterol, high blood pressure, or abnormal heart rhythms.

If medications fail or in more severe cases, physicians may recommend one of the following treatment options:

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